Buddhism was created by a prince named Siddhartha Gautama who was born in 563 B.C. He was raised by only his father because his mother, Queen Maya, had died when Prince Siddhartha was born. Up until Prince Siddhartha was married at 16 years of age, his father had not let him leave the castle in fear that he would drop his life of being a prince and become a holy man. When the day that his father let Siddhartha step outside of the castle walls had finally came, he rode around the kingdom in a horse-drawn carriage. He saw things that made him wonder about life's purpose. Sickness, misery and death made Prince Siddhartha want to find his inner peace. To do that, he had to leave everything he loved behind. Siddhartha went on to fulfill his quest of achieving enlightenment. After his enlightenment, he passed an old man on the road who noticed something strange about the former prince. The old man asked Siddhartha if he was a God, magician or a wizard and Siddhartha said he isn't any of those things but that he was awake. That is how Siddhartha came to being known as Buddha, which means ''The Awakened One.'' Buddha, otherwise known as Siddhartha, began preaching many things. His teaching became known as the Four Noble Truths.